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What is Prosecco grape pressing?

The creation of Prosecco, a sparkling gem from Italy’s winemaking tradition, is an intricate process that begins with the delicate pressing of grapes. Renowned brands like Bella Principessa Prosecco and Signorina Prosecco owe their exquisite flavors to this crucial step.

The Grape Pressing Process in Prosecco Production

  1. Harvesting the Glera Grapes: Prosecco production primarily uses Glera grapes harvested between August and September in the Veneto region. The grapes are handpicked, ensuring only the best quality fruits are selected.
  2. Soft Pressing for Quality Must: Once harvested, grapes are gently pressed. This soft pressing is essential to extract the must (the juice) while leaving behind skins and seeds. This careful extraction is vital for maintaining the grapes’ subtle flavors and preventing bitterness.
  3. Primary Fermentation: They must then undergo primary fermentation in stainless steel tanks, where selected yeasts are added. This stage is crucial for developing Prosecco’s signature fresh and fruity profile.
  4. Refermentation – Charmat Method: Unlike Champagne, Prosecco undergoes secondary fermentation in stainless steel tanks, known as the Charmat or Martinotti method. This process, lasting around 30-40 days, instills the wine with its characteristic effervescence.
  5. Aging and Bottling: Prosecco is aged for at least 30 days after refermentation, allowing the flavors and aromas to develop further, shaping its unique character.

Unique Characteristics and Styles

  • Flavor and Aroma: Prosecco is celebrated for its light, fresh, and fruity characteristics, with notes of green apple, pear, and citrus.
  • Color: The wine exhibits colors ranging from pale straw to golden yellow, influenced by grape variety and production methods.
  • Alcohol Content: Prosecco typically has an alcohol content between 10% and 12%.
  • Styles: Prosecco is available in various styles, including Brut, Extra Dry, and Demi-Sec, catering to different preferences.

Embracing Sustainability: Organic Prosecco

  • Organic Prosecco: A trend towards organic Prosecco production is gaining momentum, focusing on grapes grown without synthetic chemicals, offering a purer and more authentic taste experience.

The Rise of Prosecco DOC Rosé

  • Prosecco DOC Rosé: Introduced in 2020, this variant blends a minimum of 85% Glera with 10 to 15% Pinot Noir grapes, producing a delightful pink sparkling wine with flavors of strawberries and raspberries.


The pressing of Prosecco grapes is a blend of art and science, integral to the creation of sparkling wines like Bella Principessa and Signorina Prosecco. This process, combining traditional methods with modern techniques, results in a wine that is a symbol of Italian winemaking excellence and a testament to the evolving practices in sustainable viticulture.

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